Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Traditional Macedonian Folk Costumes


While making the Bridal Necklaces I decided to shed a little light on Macedonian folk costumes here on my blog, a topic I have never dwelt much on. 
Macedonian folk costumes have a centuries-long tradition. They are part of the material culture of the Macedonian people and an important branch of the national artistic creation.

In the past, the peasant woman in particular, was the one who created the costumes starting from dyeing the yarn, weaving it into coarse cotton cloths and tightly woven wool yarn and cloths, sewing the parts of clothing and decorating it.
Wool, hemp, flax, cotton, and to a lesser extent silk, cultivated in the old traditional way, were and still are the basic raw materials used for making the costumes. 

There are about 70 various types of richly decorated traditional costumes in Macedonia. They are divided into two main types: western and eastern traditional costumes. Each type has its own distinctive characteristics and differences. 

There were separate costumes due to the occasions. So ordinary, everyday work clothes were less decorated and  plainer than those worn for the holidays which were richly ornamented. 
The whole attire consisted of several layers of clothing, starting from the camisole / shirt/ tunic or plain dresses over which women wore vests or coats and the mandatory apron and belt and head scarves. 
Men's costumes consist of white linen shirts and pants resembling English riding breeches, vests and wide cloth belts. Both men and women wore "opinci" a characteristic type of leather footwear. 

In some of my future posts I am going to write about traditional embroidery. 


Divya N said...

These costumes are really lovely and I can find a strong connect to Indian tribal costumes (particularly Toda) in the red, black and white shawls and embroidery and those of Banjara gypsies in the coin jewelry

homemade@myplace said...

amazing costumes!!!
xxxxx Ale

Agy said...

Wow, these traditional costumes are very colourful and there must have been a lot of work that went into it. It's a pity that not many people wear them though - for Chinese traditional costume we only wear during weddings and that's about it!

Unknown said...

Gosh, these are so intricately made, aren't they! Very colourful and in some respects they remind me of Sumatran/Batik costumes as well (in particular the woven parts). It seems such a pity that such beautifully made costumes are worn less and less these days, so it's definitely a good thing that you're given them some attention Maya!! Hugs, Ira
Ira’s Crea Corner

Maya Kuzman said...

Isn't it wondrous how cultures intertwine and share similarities?

Maya Kuzman said...

The same is here. People wear them for special holidays too.

Maya Kuzman said...

Yes, they do. Divya above found similarities with Indian costumes. Nowadays these gorgeous costumes are for display only and are for special occasions.