One of our favourite retreats on Sundays - the Canyon of Matka.
With it's geological, geomorphological, hydrological characteristics, as well as with the flora and fauna, it is an exceptional monument of nature. The main phenomenon of this natural treasure is the canyon, a distinguished geomorphological entity with well preserved natural and geographic characteristics created by vertical erosion is the habitat for many rare and endemic species. For example there is an incredible number of endemic species of butterflies (84) that cannot be found anywhere in the world, the protected white-headed eagles, vultures, bats....
When we headed for Matka today, we had a particular plan - to visit one the caves - the Vrelo Cave. It is located on the left side of the canyon and the only way to access it is by boat.
Vrelo Cave is a system of two caves, one above and one underneath the water, and a lake. The highlight of the top cave is a three meter high stalagmite, called the „Pine Cone”. The actual depth of the submerged cave has not yet been determined, it seems to lie well over 500 m, and therefore some consider Vrelo Cave to be Europe’s deepest underwater cave.
The canyon area is also a home to several historic churches and monasteries. The one I am showing today is St. Andrew's Monastery built in 1389.